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by amor1029
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映画 ジャンル⇒科学者が選んだSF映画ベスト10 (゚゚;)

映画 ジャンル・・・sf映画・・・科学者が選んだSFエ映画ベスト10の発表がありました。是非記事を読んで下さい。

<big><b>sf映画</big></b>
a0028694_16335780.jpg


科学者が選んだSF映画ベスト10

2004年8月26日の英国・ガーディアン紙において、世界中の科学者、
60人の投票によるSF映画のランキングの発表がありました。

世界中の科学者が選ぶというあたりが面白い
さて、そのランキングは↓


1━ブレード・ランナー(1982)
2━2001年宇宙の旅 (1968)
3━スターウォーズ(帝国の逆襲)(1980)
4━エイリアン(1979)
5━ソラリス(1972)
6━ターミネーター2(1991)
7━地球の静止する日(1951)
8━宇宙戦争(1953)
9━マトリックス(1999)
10━未知との遭遇(1977)


82年のリドリー・スコット監督映画「ブレードランナー」が”科学者の選ぶベストSF映画”の1位に選ばれました。英国キングス大学のミンガー教授(細胞学専門)は「ブレードランナーは、史上最高のSF映画だ」という。

「この映画ははるか未来を見越して作られているのにも関わらず、先見性があり、人間とは何か?我々はどこから来たのか?という世代を超えた命題をも問いかけている」とコメントしています。

<big><b>ブレード・ランナー</big></b>
<big><b>2001年宇宙の旅</big></b>
1━ブレード・ランナー

2019年11月、都市は数百階の高層ビルが建ち並び、酸性雨が絶えず降る、うっとうしい薄闇に包まれています。人類は惑星戦争に備えてレプリカントを作り、奴隷同様に使役していますが、レプリカントは製造後しばらくすると感情が芽生えてくるため、地球上では安全対策上使用が禁止されています。しかし、宇宙船を乗っ取って地球に4匹のレプリカントが逃亡し、ブレードランナーに抹殺指令が降りることになります。 この映画もカルト化しただけあって公開時あまり当たりませんでした。
<big><b>スターウォーズ (帝国の逆襲)</big></b>
<big><b>エイリアン</big></b>
2━2001年宇宙の旅

石版と人類進化の関わりを暗示しながら、猿人の時代シーンから2001年の新人類誕生シーンまでを描いています。人となった猿人が投げる骨が宇宙に浮かぶ宇宙船となり、月に石版が発見されたという話につながっていきます。この石版は木星に向かって強い電磁波を放っていることがわかり、ボーマン船長らが木星へと調査に向かうことになります。ここまでに宇宙での旅行の有様をSFXで見せてくれもします。さて、木星に到着するまでにHAL9000型コンピュータが反乱を起こしてボーマン以外の乗組員が死亡するというエピソードも挿入されます。ボーマンが危機を乗り越えて木星に達したとき、そこには石版が待っており、異次元の世界へといざなわれるのです。
<big><b>ソラリス</big></b>
<big><b>ターミネーター2</big></b>
3━スターウォーズ(帝国の逆襲)

前作で勝利を治めた反乱軍だが、帝国の奇襲によって雪の惑星ホスからの撤退を余儀なくされる。ルークは戦列を離れ、ジェダイの騎士としての修行を積むべく惑星ダゴバへ。ハン・ソロとレイア達は雲の惑星ベスピンへ逃れるが、そこにもダース・ベイダーの罠が待ち受けていた。“スター・ウォーズ”サーガ第2部の中編(エピソードⅤ)にあたるため、続編でありながら次のエピソードへも続くという作りがどうしても一つの作品として完結しない宿命になるのが辛いが、それでも次々と舞台を変えて見せるアクションやSFXシーンはさすがの感がある。特にジェダイの師として初登場するヨーダの存在感は驚異的ですらあり、これまた後のSFファンタジー作品に影響を与えたのです。
<big><b>ターミネーター2</big></b>
<big><b>地球の静止する日</big></b>
4━エイリアン

『エイリアン』は誰しも認める傑作SFホラー。この作品の公開前には雑誌等でエイリアンの化石(3段中央のコマ)のスチルが掲載されて、大いに期待させられた思い出があります。何を期待したかと言えば、どんな知性を、文明を描き出すのかという期待でした。この宇宙船や化石化した宇宙人のスチルはそういう好奇心を掻き立てるものでした。しかし、映画は期待を裏切り、好奇心を掻き立てるのではなく、恐怖心を掻き立てるのもだったのです。


5━ソラリス

21世紀。惑星表面の海が有機的頭脳を持つと推測される惑星ソラリス軌道上のステーションに心理学者クリスが送り込まれます。ソラリスの海は人間の潜在意識を実体化する働きがあり、クリスの前には10年前に自殺した妻が現れます。しかし、完全な複製ではなく、脱げない服を着て現れるところがミソですね。良心に苛まれることから逃れるためクリスは妻をロケットで打ち上げますが、再び妻が現れるのです。そしてこの妻自身も自分の存在について悩み始めることになります。
<big><b>マトリックス</big></b>
<big><b>未知との遭遇</big></b>
海外映画情報記事良かったはまた載せて方
管理人の励げみとなる、応援のクリックを!!
▲▲▲Haruのblog応援のクリック▲▲▲
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【知識の泉 Haru's トリビア本館】
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The science fiction issue
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Our expert panel votes for
the top 10 sci-fi films


Alok Jha, Simon Rogers and Adam Rutherford
Thursday August 26, 2004
The Guardian

1 Blade Runner (1982) Dir: Ridley Scott
Whether you prefer the original theatrical version (with a bored-sounding narration and without the famed unicorn scenes) or the director's cut of a few years later (sans narration and unicorn duly re-inserted), Blade Runner was the favourite in our poll.
The story revolves around Harrison Ford's policeman, Rick Deckard, and his hunt for four cloned humanoids, known as replicants, in a dystopian version of Los Angeles. Replicants have been deemed illegal and Deckard is a blade runner, a specialist in exterminating them.

The film is loosely based on Philip K Dick's novel, Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? "Blade Runner is the best movie ever made," says Stephen Minger, stem cell biologist at King's College London. "It was so far ahead of its time and the whole premise of the story - what is it to be human and who are we, where we come from? It's the age-old questions."

It also discusses consciousness with an attempt to formulate a way to tell a human from a machine. The Voight-Kampff empathy test is used by the police in the film to identify the replicants - who have memories implanted and are programmed with artificial emotions. "The Voight-Kampff empathy test is not far away from the sort of thing that cognitive neuroscientists are actually doing today," says Chris Frith of the Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience at University College, London.

Debates rage on whether Deckard himself is a replicant. Ridley Scott says that he is artificial, but Harrison Ford argues that during filming Scott told him Deckard was human. Whatever the answer, it is a worthy winner also because of the quality of the film-making: Vangelis' brooding score, Rutger Hauer's replicant's seminal "I've seen things..." speech and that shot of the future LA cityscape, which kicks off the story.


2 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968) Dir: Stanley Kubrick
A very close second, this mystifying story came out of a collaboration between Kubrick and science fiction writer Arthur C Clarke. It achieved enormous fame for its then revolutionary special effects. Spacecraft consultants Frederick Ordway and Harry Lange, who had worked for Nasa, persuaded companies such as Boeing and IBM to supply prototypes and technical documents for use in the film. Astronauts visiting the set at Borehamwood referred to it as "Nasa East". Aubrey Manning, emeritus professor of natural history at Edinburgh, praises 2001 for "the brilliance of the simulations - still never done better despite all the modern computer graphics. The brilliance of using Brazilian tapirs as 'prehistoric animals'. The brilliance of the cut from the stick as club, to the space shuttle. Kubrick declaring that once tool use begins - the rest is inevitable. Hal: the first of the super computers with its honeyed East-Coast-Establishment voice."


3 Star Wars (1977)/Empire Strikes Back (1980)
The first two films of the original Star Wars trilogy make it onto the list probably for reasons of nostalgia rather than science. Essentially westerns set in space, they both cover the universal themes of good versus evil while making lead actors Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill and Carrie Fisher spit out mind-boggling technospeak on a regular basis. There is also an element of mysticism (which some say sets them apart from the rest of science fiction), with the idea of an all-pervading "force" that can be harnessed by certain people for good or evil. The epic saga revolves around the battle between the all-enslaving Empire (led by the Emperor, a force-wielding maniac and his part-human part-machine henchman Darth Vader) and a small band of rebels. Its use of science is sketchy at best - light-speed travel is dealt with by the use of a "hyperspace" where the normal laws of physics don't seem to apply and force-wielding Jedi fight with theoretically impossible lightsabers - but the emphasis here is certainly not on answering the problems of the human condition. Two of the first blockbusters, they also started the franchises for toys, games and replicas that no science fiction film can do without nowadays.


4 Alien (1979) Dir: Ridley Scott
Remembered for the iconic scene of an infant creature bursting bloodily through John Hurt's chest, but Alien was about much more. An interstellar mining vessel takes onboard a lifeform with concentrated acid for blood and two sets of jaws, which then messily dispatches the crew. Praised for the gothic set design and Sigourney Weaver's portrayal of reluctant hero Ellen Ripley, it is notable for its underlying themes of motherhood, penetration and birth. But for UCL space physiologist Kevin Fong it's the mundanity of the crew's lifestyle that makes it stand out. "For the first time we got the idea that, in the far-flung future, people who live and work in space might be a bunch of Average Joe slobs sitting around with leftover pizza, smoking and playing cards to pass the time," he says. "It captures much of what long duration space flight is about now: dirty, sweaty and claustrophobic with long periods of boredom followed by moments of sheer terror."


5 Solaris (1972) Dir: Andrei Tarkovsky
Remade by Steven Soderbergh in 2002, but the original still holds a fascination for fans of the novel by Stanislaw Lem (see page 6). A psychologist travels to a base on a remote planet to replace a mysteriously deceased scientist. There he encounters the secretive survivors - and his dead wife. Reality is supplanted by the increasingly attractive alternative of the planet's alien intelligence. "The 1972 Solaris is perhaps the only film to address the limits of science set by our constrained human perceptions, categories and tendency to anthropomorphise," says Gregory Benford, professor of physics at University of California, Irvine and author of Timescape. "That it is also a compelling, tragic drama, not a mere illustrated lecture, makes it even more important."


6 Terminator (1984)/T2: Judgment day (1991) Dir: James Cameron
Robots from 2029 send a relentless cyborg (Arnold Schwarzenegger) back to 1980s Los Angeles to assassinate the mother of a future human rebel. One of a few films to deal with problems of time travel, such as the grandfather paradox: if you travel back in time and kill your grandfather, you wouldn't exist so wouldn't be able to travel back in time to... The sequel featured another cyborg made of shapeshifting metal. "Despite the incoherent fictional science, it is a perfect piece of film-making in its genre, which I would call 'action movie' rather than 'sci-fi movie' if it were not for the fact that there are very few, if any, movies that genuinely deserve to be called sci-fi," says David Deutsch, quantum physicist at Oxford.


7 The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) Dir: Robert Wise
Set amid the cold war paranoia of postwar America, a flying saucer lands in Washington DC and a humanoid alien, Klaatu emerges, accompanied by his robot, Gort. Klaatu (who pronounces: "I'm impatient with stupidity. My people have learned to live without it") tries to convince the world's leaders - and when they won't listen, scientists - to stop the rush toward mutual destruction. It is cited by Beagle 2 project leader Colin Pillinger as one of his favourite sci-fi films. "During the showing, the cinema manager pulled a classic Orson Welles stunt and stopped the film to announce that a spaceship had landed."


8 War of the Worlds (1953) Dir: Byron Haskin
Famously adapted for radio by Orson Welles, HG Wells' tale of a Martian invasion of Earth became another cold war movie. "The idea that there could be life that's developed in completely other circumstances in a completely different world which you would never recognise. That's a very appealing idea," says Seth Shostak, senior astronomer at the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, California.


9 The Matrix (1999) Dir: Andy & Larry Wachowski
Cod philosophy, fetish clothing and incredibly cool special effects combined in 1999 for a fresh take on man-made artificial intelligence enslaving the planet. The science behind the fiction is conspicuously absent, being replaced with the permanently befuddled Keanu Reeves stumbling around being confused by nonsense about spoons, and jumping off buildings. Tak Mak, a cell biologist at University of Toronto, doesn't think this matters: "It's good old-fashioned entertainment value ... Future bad guys fighting future good guys."


10 Close Encounters of the Third Kind (1977) Dir: Steven Spielberg
"We are not alone", declared the poster and this tale of Richard Dreyfus' escalating obsession with alien visitors against a backdrop of a secretive, omniscient government agency has provided the core of science fiction ever since. "While it is highly unlikely that 'they' will rock up in a vehicle that looks like a giant, inverted Christmas tree or make their presence known by doing Jean Michel Jarre impressions on a cosmic synthesiser, Close Encounters is for me still the classiest alien visitation story in celluloid history," says UCL's Kevin Fong.

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by amor1029 | 2004-09-07 03:56 | 海外の話題